Mecca

Mecca

Mecca[3] (/ˈmɛkə/) or Makkah (Arabic: مكة‎ Makkah [ˈmakːa]) is a city in the Tihamah plain in Saudi Arabia[4] that is also the capital and administrative headquarters of the Makkah Region. The city is located 70 km (43 mi) inland from Jeddah in a narrow valley at a height of 277 m (909 ft) above sea level, and 340 kilometres (210 mi) south of Medina. Its resident population in 2012 was roughly 2 million, although visitors more than triple this number every year during the hajj ("pilgrimage") period held in the twelfth Muslim lunar month of Dhu al-Hijjah.

See also